eldin raigmore wrote:
I guess Russian жена and четир are cognates of Latin quattuor and English queen.
That much, was what I learned in university.
According to russian the first vowel was palatal and according to the centum langs there was a labialized velar. I'm I right?
But as for that part, I don't know.
Seems to be correct, with PIE having *gʷḗn
) and *kʷetwóres
). I'm assuming "palatal" here means "front", but with PIE being reconstructed the way it is (laryngeal hypothesis and all that), most non-zero-grade vowels are likely to be *e
anyway, if I remember correctly.
So the sibilants in Russian are created by the second palatalization due to *e?
has a number of different sources, I think, PIE *gʰ
before front vowels and *j
as part of the first palatalisation, *zj
(from PIE *ǵy
) and later *žj
, while ч
mostly just comes from *k
as part of the first palatalisation and later *čj
From what I can recall, a lot of instances of /s/ and /z/ in Russian come from original *s
and then velars during the second palatalisation or the palato-alveolars in PIE while the Russian post-aveolars come from the PIE velars and labiovelars during the first palatalisation and Proto-Balto-Slavic sibilants during iotisation.